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Our Projects in 2013

During our 2013 fiscal year, NESCAUM worked on an array of projects in support of our member states. Many of the projects culminated in technical analyses, published reports, and workshops designed to provide support to our member states or disseminate state-of-the-art information to state staff working on air pollution control issues. Projects worked on during the period are listed below by program area.

Mobile Sources

Advanced Technology Vehicles
Support for state efforts to reduce GHG and toxic emissions from mobile sources using advanced technologies for motor vehicles. Support for states’ adoption and implementation of the California low emission vehicle program.
ZEV Implementation Task Force
NESCAUM coordinates and facilitates the work of the Task Force created by the October 2013 Governors’ ZEV MOU. We helped convene this group and draft the MOU and press strategy to accompany its release.
Tier 3 Vehicle Standards / Low Sulfur Gasoline
Conduct technical analyses of the environmental and public health impacts associated with lowering the sulfur content of gasoline.
Clean Fuels Standard
Assess a regional low carbon fuels standard, and identify and evaluate other potential regional strategies, including a transportation systems benefit charge that may reduce the carbon intensity of fuels used for transportation.
Carbon Intensity Tracking Tool
Developing a tool that will allow states to track and project the lifecycle GHG impacts of the significant transition to unconventional sources of oil in the transportation and heating sectors. This tool is intended to help inform state policy related to GHG emissions from the transportation sector.
CT Comprehensive Energy Strategy
Supported CT DEEP planning efforts in developing a state comprehensive energy strategy, with focus on the transportation sector.
Heavy-Duty Vehicle I/M
Evaluate approaches to quantifying the emission benefits of inspection and maintenance programs for trucks and buses.
Marine-Ferry and Tug Repower Project
Repower four marine vessels including two ferries and a tugboat in New York Harbor and a tugboat operating in Puerto Rico (US EPA Region 2).
Camden COSMED
Manage the implementation of a consent decree retrofitting and repowering heavy-duty diesel trucks and nonroad equipment belonging to the City of Camden (NJ).
Crane Repower
Repower a fleet of 16 gantry cranes located in New York from their current unregulated, 2-stroke diesel generator set configuration to a modern 4-stroke, EPA certified Tier-3 diesel generator set configuration.
New York, Susquehanna, and Western Railway Locomotive Repower Project
Oversee the repowering of two diesel locomotives operating primarily in New Jersey with cleaner, more modern diesel engines, as well as installing on-board idle reduction devices.
South Jersey Port
Manage a project located in Camden, NJ that will repower between thirty-five and fifty heavy-duty non-road machines that operate at the South Jersey Port with cleaner diesel engines.
NYSERDA BAT
Assist in the development of a NYSERDA database of retrofit technologies for diesel powered equipment and vehicles.

Science and Technology

MANE-VU RPO
Coordinate efforts for MANE-VU Regional Planning Organization, including tracking visibility trends for MANE-VU Class I sites, assessing impacts of emergency demand response programs involving backup diesel engines, identifying non-sulfate control strategies, summarizing elements of haze SIPS for regional comparisons, and investigating heavy-duty vehicle I/M programs in the region.
GA Tech Climate Change Mitigation
Perform MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model runs of different climate policy options to determine air quality and climate outcomes for the northeastern and southeastern U.S.
ORD MARKAL
Harmonize NESCAUM’s Northeast MARKAL (NE-MARKAL) model with U.S. EPA’s national 9-region MARKAL model, followed by an analysis of regional and state climate policy options.
MARKAL Modeling
Using state and region specific databases, analyze specific multi-pollutant reductions policy options.
MIT Climate Change
Evaluate the impact of joint climate and air quality strategies and policies on regional air quality as well as on resulting public health.
RGGI REMI
Analysis of economic impacts associated with the implementation of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.
RI GHG Inventory
Assess regionally consistent inventory methods and develop a set of annual GHG inventories for Rhode Island.
Assessing Emergency Demand Response Programs
Assess impacts of increased reliance on high emitting emergency backup diesel engines to meet peak electricity demand.
CAMNET
Ongoing coordination and operating support for CAMNET, a network of real-time visibility cameras located at scenic urban and rural locations throughout the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions providing images to the public via the internet at www.hazecam.net.
Estimating Long-Term Health Effects of Air Quality Regulations
Provide advice to researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health analyzing the long-term public health impacts of large-scale air quality regulations.
Boston Black Carbon
Analyzed black carbon (BC) and particulate matter (PM) data from multiple sites in and near Boston to better characterize the spatial gradients of BC as a marker for local mobile source aerosol, compare BC data from Roxbury, MA to other sites to determine whether the decrease in BC levels seen in Roxbury, MA is found at other sites, and evaluate the effects of mobile source aerosol reduction strategies in Boston.
Low Sulfur Heating Oil
Support state and regional efforts to lower the sulfur content of heating and residual oil in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic.

Policy

New York Climate Change Science Clearinghouse
Working with NYSERDA, Cornell, SUNY and NOAA to design an effective tool for bringing climate science to decision-makers. Goal is to ultimately build the clearinghouse into a regional resource.
Maryland Multi-Pollutant Analysis
Provide analyses and documentation of potential multi-pollutant benefits and trade-offs from employing air quality, climate, and energy policies to assist in developing Maryland’s climate and air quality plans.
Residential Wood Heaters NSPS
Facilitate national technical workgroup to develop options for strengthening the NSPS. Coordinate with EPA and industry to promote consensus positions.
Woodsmoke Conference
Organize and conduct public forum on impacts of residential wood combustion, its public health considerations, and potential control options.
Developing New Test Methods for Wood Burning Devices
Working with NREL to help design a more accurate approach for measuring emissions from wood burning devices to ensure that pending NSPS standards will better meet the goal of protecting public health.
Wood Pellet Quality Analysis
Conduct sampling of 132 wood pellets and 23 wood chip samples for elemental constituents such as metals, chlorine, sulfates and various physical properties. Analyze results to determine if existing voluntary standards are adequate to block use of waste materials that could lead to significantly elevated emissions of criteria and HAP emissions.
NYSERDA European Wood Stoves
Provided technical assistance to testing laboratories during emissions testing of sample woodstoves in order to determine the technical validity of the results.
Biomass Heating Roadmap for New York State
Research, analyze, and provide information to improve New York’s understanding of policy options for promoting use of efficient and cleaner-burning biomass combustion, including market opportunities for increased use of such technologies for heating. Lessons learned from this study will assist other states in evaluating policy options.
Woodsmoke Kit Project
Design, supply and support a portable wood smoke “hot spot” monitor for deployment in various geographic areas in the Northeast and Midwest.
Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy SIP Credits
Support states in exploring methods to quantify pollution reductions from energy efficiency and renewable energy programs within the context of meeting air quality and climate planning objectives.
Climate Adaptation
Coordinate and facilitate the regional effort to respond to the long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and sea level due to climate change.
Enforcement
Facilitate and inform state efforts to work with EPA to update and integrate enforcement and compliance programs.

Other

Northeast Diesel Collaborative (NEDC)
Coordinate activities in seven priority areas: congestion mitigation and air quality, data and inventories, mandatory measures, construction, regional demonstration project, ports and rail, outreach and communications.
Training / Northeast States Clean Air Academy
Evaluate training needs of state air quality staff and offer high priority trainings to state employees.

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