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Our Projects in 2008

During our 2008 Fiscal Year, NESCAUM and NESCCAF worked on a vast array of projects in support of our member states. Many of the projects culminated in technical analysis, published reports, and workshops designed to provide technical support to our member states or disseminate state-of-the-art information to state staff working on air pollution control issues as well as the public. Projects worked on during the period are listed below by program area:

Climate and Energy

Hewlett Greenhouse Gas 4
Fourth phase of the Hewlett-funded effort supporting GHG reduction strategies in the U.S. and Canada.
Low Carbon Fuels Standard
Assess and design a low carbon fuel standard and identify potential regional strategies that may reduce the carbon intensity of fuels used for transportation and heating.
The Climate Registry
Support for the activities of The Climate Registry (TCR), a nonprofit organization established to develop consistent, transparent standards throughout North America for businesses and governments to calculate, verify and publicly report their carbon footprints in a single, unified registry.
State Voices in Federal Climate Policy
Facilitating and directing the efforts of “early action” states to ensure that the interests of the states are effectively inserted into the national climate debate and, ultimately, federal policy.
Biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
Identification and characterization of sustainable economic and technical potential for community-level woody biomass CHP energy systems in the Northeast.
MA Energy Efficiency
Establish a Multi-State Energy Task Force to identify, evaluate, and plan for implementation of key policies and programs to enable the Northeast states to meet all electricity load growth though Energy Efficiency over the next decade.

Mobile Sources

Advanced Technology Vehicles (ATV) XIII
Support from Energy Foundation to fund work to reduce GHG and toxic emissions from motor vehicles using alternative technology vehicles.
Construction Project
Develop a construction industry diesel retrofit guidance document for Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Diesel Plan
Assess diesel particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions reduction goals in Massachusetts and determine whether existing regulations will achieve the reduction goals.
Massachusetts School Bus I
Design and implement a diesel retrofit program for the installation of diesel emissions control devices on public school buses in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts School Bus II
Provide technical consulting and support to Massachusetts’ school bus retrofit program and provide a final report on successes and areas for improvement at the end of the project.
New England Aquarium Research Vessel Engine Retrofit
Diesel engine retrofit of the marine research vessel, Galatea, used by New England Aquarium.
Maryland Low Emissions Vehicles (LEV)
Provide services to assist Maryland in adopting and implementing the California LEV program.
Northeast Diesel Collaborative (NEDC)
Coordinate activities in seven priority areas: 1) CMAQ, 2) data & inventories, 3) mandatory measures, 4) construction, 5) regional demonstration projects, 6) ports & rail, and 7) outreach & communications.
Stage II/Vapor Recovery
Assist in formulating a policy to determine when Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery (ORVR) Systems are in widespread use in the Northeast.
SmartWay Clean Diesel Finance Program
Analyze potential diesel emission reductions and associated cost savings for trucking firms financing the equipping of their trucks with EPA diesel emission reduction technology using loans.
Transportation Study
Coordinate a peer review of EPA’s MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model and perform custom modeling runs using various scenarios to determine the impact of emission reduction strategies.
EDF Northeast Hybrid Truck Consortium
Work with the Environmental Defense Fund to recruit fleet operators who wish to purchase hybrid light duty trucks and investigate funding opportunities for the fleet operators.
Port Authority NJ /NY
Assess the potential strategies to control diesel emissions from gantry cranes at Red Hook Container Terminal, NJ and find funding to implement the optimal strategy.
Heavy Duty Modeling and Biodiesel Testing
Measure various pollutants and fuel consumption for different blends of biodiesel fuel in heavy duty trucks.

Science and Technology

Compliance Strategies for Ozone and Fine Particles Attainment
Evaluate the cost effectiveness and technical feasibility of controls for emissions of NOx, SO2, and PM2.5 from industrial, commercial, and institutional (ICI) boilers.
Contribution of Wood Smoke to Particle Matter
In-use testing of PM emissions from outdoor wood-fired boilers (OWBs) in New England.
Determination of Sulfur, Mercury, and Other Toxic Metal Concentrations in Distillate Oil
Quantify content of sulfur, mercury, and other toxic metals (including vanadium and nickel) in distillate oil (#2 fuel oil).
Massachusetts Acid Deposition Monitoring
Long term monitoring of acidic deposition in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Ambient Monitoring
Support for air monitoring collection and analysis at Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Laboratory.
MANE-VU Regional Haze Planning
Coordinate efforts for MANE-VU Regional Planning Organization (RPO), including coordination of the CAMNET and RAIN monitoring networks, calculation of visibility trends for MANE-VU class I sites, modeling platform development and evaluation, control strategy identification, and quantification and assessment of resultant visibility improvements.
CAMNET Regional Webcam Haze Sites
Launched in 1999 as www.hazecam.net to publicly display through webcams the real time visibility conditions in the Northeast, with sites in Boston, MA; Acadia National Park, ME; White Mountains, NH; Burlington, VT; Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, ME; New York City (Newark, NJ); Brigantine National Wildlife Refuge, NJ; Blue Hills, MA; Frostburg, MD; and Baltimore, MD.
Mercury Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
Conduct a review of past mercury modeling efforts to assist states in proposing and implementing new TMDL limits.
New York Multi-Pollutant Planning
Develop an integrated approach to air quality planning by using MARKAL, REMI, SMOKE, CMAQ, and BenMAP to identify emission reduction targets in New York for ozone, PM, acid deposition, and climate change, assess the measures to achieve these targets, monetize the associated public health benefits, and quantify the regional economic benefits.
Emissions from Wood-fired Commercial Boilers
Characterize the air emissions of small commercial wood-fired boilers and compare their emissions performance with oil-boilers.
Mapping and Monitoring of Wood Smoke in the Adirondacks
Spatial modeling and monitoring of residential wood smoke across a non-urban upstate New York area.
MERGANSER Mercury Modeling in New England
Develop a regression-based mercury model for the New England States in a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) format. This MERGANSER (MERcury Geo-spatial AssessmeNtS for the New England Region) model will integrate recent atmospheric mercury-deposition models with many databases on mercury sources, mercury levels in fish and bird tissue, and ecosystem features that are associated with risk of mercury contamination in biota and humans.
Harvard Uncertainty Analysis
Develop an integrated uncertainty analysis framework and design effective communication strategies and techniques to convey these uncertainties to decision makers, using mercury as a case study.
Mercury Record Review
Provide relevant information and help review comments for the Commission for Environmental Cooperation’s factual record on mercury releases from coal-fired power plants in the U.S.
Refineries and Alberta Oil Sands
Analyze the potential water and air pollution changes due to refinery expansions for handling crude from Alberta oil sands at refineries in the Great Lakes Basin.
Boston Black Carbon
Analyze black carbon (BC) and particulate matter (PM) data from multiple sites to better characterize the spatial gradients of BC as a marker for local mobile source aerosol, compare BC data from the Roxbury, MA to other sites to determine whether the decrease in BC levels seen in Roxbury is found at other sites, and evaluate the effects of mobile source aerosol reduction strategies in Boston.
Gas to Liquid Fuel in New York City
Determine which neighborhoods and which types of vehicles in New York City would optimize the emission reduction benefits of using clean oil products converted from natural gas.
CUECost Scoping
Perform a scoping study for developing an industrial, commercial, and institutional (ICI) boiler version of the Coal Utility Environmental Cost (CUECost) Model.
Critical Load Thresholds Mapping in Northeast
Facilitate state participation in an analysis of critical loads of sulfur and nitrogen to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of Northeast.
Vermont Benzene Study
Develop benzene emissions data inventory, compare benzene model results with monitored data, compare benzene model results to NATA model-predicted results, and assist with MOBILE6 modeling for the Burlington, VT domain.

Other

Clean Air Communities
Coordinate and implement various community projects designed to reduce urban air emissions.
Camden CARE/Camden Waterfront South Community Collaborative to Reduce Particulate Matter
Install retrofit equipment at the South Jersey Port Corporation in Camden, NJ.
Queens Clean Air Partnership (QCAP)
Various community projects designed to reduce urban air emissions.
Training/Northeast States Clean Air Academy
Evaluate training needs of state air quality staff and offer high priority trainings to state employees.
Universal Interface-Phase V
Update the universal interface (UI) to allow the uploading of permit, CEM, and stack testing data by the states to EPA’s enforcement data system.

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