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Our Projects in 2011

During our 2011 Fiscal Year, NESCAUM worked on a vast array of projects in support of our member states. Many of the projects culminated in technical analysis, published reports, and workshops designed to provide technical support to our member states or disseminate state-of-the-art information to state staff working on air pollution control issues.

Projects worked on during the period are listed below by program area:

Climate and Energy

Greenhouse Gas
Continue phases of the Hewlett-funded effort supporting GHG reduction strategies in the U.S. and Canada.
CT Greenhouse Gas Options
Develop a greenhouse gas inventory and analyze climate mitigation options for CT.
GHG Permitting
Evaluate options for incorporating energy efficiency processes and technologies into the top-down BACT process for states’ stationary source permitting programs.
Low Carbon Fuels Standard
Assess and design a regional low carbon fuel standard, identify potential regional strategies that may reduce the carbon intensity of fuels used for transportation and heating, and draft model legislation.
Energy Efficiency Training
Support states in exploring energy efficiency and renewable energy within the context of meeting air quality objectives by providing training opportunities through webinars and other training resources.
Adaptation
Coordinate and facilitate the regional effort to respond to the long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and sea level due to climate change.
GA Tech Climate Change Mitigation
Perform MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model runs of different climate policy options to determine air quality and climate outcomes for the northeast and southeast U.S.
MIT Climate Change
Evaluate the impact of joint climate and air quality strategies and policies on regional air quality as well as on resulting public health.

Mobile Sources

Construction Equipment Retrofits
Retrofit diesel-powered rental construction equipment in the northeast states with exhaust aftertreatment devices.
Energy Foundation Advanced Technology Vehicles
Support to fund work to reduce GHG and toxic emissions from motor vehicles using alternative technology vehicles.
Marine-Ferry and Tug Repower Project
Repower four marine vessels including two ferries and a tugboat in New York Harbor and a tugboat operating in Puerto Rico (US EPA Region 2).
Camden COSMED
Manage the implementation of a consent decree retrofitting and repowering heavy-duty diesel trucks and nonroad equipment belonging to the City of Camden (NJ).
EDF Northeast Hybrid Truck Consortium
Work with the Environmental Defense Fund and Massachusetts DEP, managing a program to recruit fleet operators who are willing to purchase new diesel hybrid heavy duty trucks and retire older conventional trucks in their fleets in exchange for a purchase subsidy.
Providence & Worcester Railroad Retrofit Project
Retrofit locomotives based in Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts with auxiliary power units, automatic stop/start systems, and diesel oxidation catalysts.
Transportation Lending Services
Analyze diesel emission reductions and associated cost savings for medium sized trucking firms or large bus fleets that would finance equipping their trucks with diesel emission reduction or retrofit technologies using community development lending services loans.
Ferry Repower Project
Repower seven marine vessels in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont including ferries and tug boats that currently have Tier-0 engines.
CSX Rail Road
Repower one vintage switch locomotive in the transportation rail fleet in New Haven, CT with new multiple generator sets.
Railroad APU
Oversee the installation of auxiliary power units (APUs) on twenty-nine locomotives operated by eight regional small railroad companies located throughout New England.
Crane Repower
Repower a fleet of 16 gantry cranes located in NY from their current unregulated, 2-stroke diesel generator set configuration to a modern 4-stroke, EPA certified Tier-3 diesel generator set configuration.
Diesel Emission Reduction Program
Assist Massachusetts DEP in developing outreach materials for a rebate program that encourages partnerships between owners / operators of diesel equipment at wholesale markets and vendors of emissions control technologies and services to reduce equipment emissions.
South Jersey Port
Manage a project located in Camden, NJ that will repower between thirty-five and fifty heavy duty non-road machines that operate at the South Jersey Port with cleaner diesel engines.
NYSERDA BAT
Assist in the development of a NYSERDA database of retrofit technologies for diesel powered equipment and vehicles.
Vermont Diesel Reduction
Assist Vermont DEC in development of strategies and projects for reducing diesel emissions in the state.

Science and Technology

MANE-VU RPO
Coordinate efforts for MANE-VU Regional Planning Organization (RPO), including coordination of the CAMNET and RAIN monitoring networks, calculation of visibility trends for MANE-VU Class I sites, modeling platform development and evaluation, control strategy identification, and quantification and assessment of resultant visibility improvements.
CAMNET
Record and archive real-time images of visibility at a network of digital camera sites in the Northeast and provide images to the public via the internet at www.hazecam.net.
Multi-Pollutant Analysis
Develop an integrated approach to air quality planning by using MARKAL, REMI, SMOKE, and CMAQ models, and the BenMAP program to identify emission reduction targets in New York for ozone, PM, acid deposition, and climate change, assess the measures to achieve these targets, monetize the associated public health benefits, and quantify the regional economic benefits.
NYSERDA European Wood Stoves
Provide technical assistance to testing laboratories during emissions testing of sample woodstoves in order to determine the technical validity of the results.
Harvard Uncertainty Analysis
Develop an integrated uncertainty analysis framework and design effective communication strategies and techniques to convey these uncertainties to decision makers, using mercury as a case study.
Boston Black Carbon
Analyze black carbon (BC) and particulate matter (PM) data from multiple sites in and near Boston to better characterize the spatial gradients of BC as a marker for local mobile source aerosol, compare BC data from the Roxbury, MA to other sites to determine whether the decrease in BC levels seen in Roxbury is found at other sites, and evaluate the effects of mobile source aerosol reduction strategies in Boston.
MOVES
Perform MOVES modeling and SMOKE processing of MOVES outputs for states in MANE-VU region for use in regional air quality modeling and emissions reporting.
New Jersey Air Toxics
Provide comprehensive assessment of priority air toxics in NJ based on analyses of ambient air toxics data in NJ, intercomparisons among existing ambient data, modeling, and inventories, and model validation of CMAQ with air toxics.
Woodsmoke Kit Project
Design, supply and support a portable wood smoke “hot spot” monitor in various geographic areas.
Massachusetts Mercury Air Emissions Inventory Update
Update Massachusetts’ state mercury air emissions inventory for the year 2008, incorporate revised emission factors for inventory years 1996 and 2002, and examine emission trends by sector across inventory years.
Refinery Emissions
Update a summary of the state-of-science in estimating air emissions from petroleum refineries.

Policy

Electricity Reliability
Summarize pending environmental regulations facing electricity generators and the potential impacts they may have on decisions to close older coal-fired power plants and on the reliability of the electric power grid.
State Voices
Work with leading states on climate change policies.
Maryland Multi-Pollutant Analysis
Provide analyses and documentation of potential multi-pollutant benefits and trade-offs from employing air quality, climate, and energy policies to assist in developing Maryland’s climate and air quality plans.
MIT Endicott House Symposium on Urban Transportation
Organize and conduct annual symposium held at the MIT Endicott House, with a 2011 topic focusing on urban transportation.

Other

Northeast Diesel Collaborative (NEDC)
Coordinate activities in seven priority areas: congestion mitigation and air quality, data and inventories, mandatory measures, construction, regional demonstration project, ports and rail, outreach and communications.
Training/Northeast States Clean Air Academy
Evaluate training needs of state air quality staff and offer high priority trainings to state employees.

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