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Our Projects in 2012

During our 2012 Fiscal Year, NESCAUM worked on a vast array of projects in support of our member states. Many of the projects culminated in technical analyses, published reports, and workshops designed to provide support to our member states or disseminate state-of-the-art information to state staff working on air pollution control issues. Projects worked on during the period are listed below by program area:

Climate and Energy

CT Comprehensive Energy Strategy
Support CT DEEP planning efforts in developing a state comprehensive energy strategy.
Low Carbon Fuels Standard
Assess a regional low carbon fuel standard, and identify and evaluate other potential regional strategies, including a transportation systems benefit charge that may reduce the carbon intensity of fuels used for transportation.
Energy Efficiency Training
Support states in exploring energy efficiency and renewable energy within the context of meeting air quality objectives by providing training opportunities through webinars and other training resources.
Climate Adaptation
Coordinate and facilitate the regional effort to respond to the long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and sea level due to climate change.
GA Tech Climate Change Mitigation
Perform MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model runs of different climate policy options to determine air quality and climate outcomes in the U.S.
Vermont GHG
Identification, collection, and synthesis of data to inform comprehensive planning to reduce energy consumption, GHGs and other air pollution emissions.
Harmonize NESCAUM’s Northeast MARKAL (NE-MARKAL) model with U.S. EPA’s national 9-region MARKAL model, followed by an analysis of regional and state climate policy options
MIT Climate Change
Evaluate the impact of joint climate and air quality strategies and policies on regional air quality as well as on resulting public health.
Ongoing analysis of economic impacts associated with the implementation of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

Mobile Sources

Advanced Technology Vehicles
Support for state efforts to reduce GHG and toxic emissions from mobile sources using alternative vehicles and advanced technologies. Support for states adoption of the CA low emission and zero emission vehicle programs.
Tier 3 Vehicle Standards / Low Sulfur Gasoline
Conduct technical analyses of the environmental and public health impacts associated with lowering the sulfur content of gasoline.
Heavy-Duty Vehicle I/M
Evaluate approaches to quantifying the emission benefits of inspection and maintenance programs for trucks and buses.
Marine-Ferry and Tug Repower Project
Repower four marine vessels including two ferries and a tugboat in New York Harbor and a tugboat operating in Puerto Rico (US EPA Region 2).
Manage the implementation of a consent decree retrofitting and repowering heavy-duty diesel trucks and nonroad equipment belonging to the City of Camden (NJ).
Providence & Worcester Railroad Retrofit Project
Retrofit locomotives based in Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts with auxiliary power units, automatic stop/start systems, and diesel oxidation catalysts.
CSX Rail Road
Repower one vintage switch locomotive in the transportation rail fleet in New Haven, CT with new multiple generator sets.
Railroad APU
Oversee the installation of auxiliary power units (APUs) on twenty-nine locomotives operated by eight regional small railroad companies located throughout New England.
Crane Repower
Repower a fleet of 16 gantry cranes located in NY from their current unregulated, 2-stroke diesel generator set configuration to a modern 4-stroke, EPA certified Tier-3 diesel generator set configuration.
MA Diesel Emission Reduction Program
Assist Massachusetts DEP in developing outreach materials for a rebate program that encourages partnerships between owners / operators of diesel equipment at wholesale markets and vendors of emissions control technologies and services to reduce equipment emissions.
South Jersey Port
Manage a project located in Camden, NJ that will repower between thirty-five and fifty heavy duty non-road machines that operate at the South Jersey Port with cleaner diesel engines.
Assist in the development of a NYSERDA database of retrofit technologies for diesel powered equipment and vehicles.
Vermont Diesel Reduction
Assist Vermont DEC in development of strategies and projects for reducing diesel emissions in the state.

Science and Technology

Record and archive real-time images of visibility at a network of digital camera sites in the Northeast and provide images to the public via the internet at
Coordinate efforts for MANE-VU Regional Planning Organization (RPO), including coordination of the CAMNET and RAIN monitoring networks, calculation of visibility trends for MANE-VU Class I sites, modeling platfor\ m development and evaluation, control strategy identification, and quantification and assessment of resultant visibility improvements.
Multi-Pollutant Analysis
Conducted integrated assessments of air quality and climate change impacts of potential emission control strategies and the attendant monetized public health benefits and macro-economic impacts for New York State using MARKAL, REMI, SMOKE, and CMAQ models, and the BenMAP program.
NYSERDA European Wood Stoves
Provide technical assistance to testing laboratories during emissions testing of sample woodstoves in order to determine the technical validity of the results.
Boston Black Carbon
Analyze black carbon (BC) and particulate matter (PM) data from multiple sites in and near Boston to better characterize the spatial gradients of BC as a marker for local mobile source aerosol, compare BC data from the Roxbury, MA to other sites to determine whether the decrease in BC levels seen in Roxbury is found at other sites, and evaluate the effects of mobile source aerosol reduction strategies in Boston.
Perform MOVES modeling and SMOKE processing of MOVES outputs for states in MANE-VU region for use in regional air quality modeling and emissions reporting.
New Jersey Air Toxics
Provide comprehensive assessment of priority air toxics in NJ based on analyses of ambient air toxics data in NJ, inter-comparisons among existing ambient data, modeling, and inventories, and model validation of CMAQ with air toxics.
Woodsmoke Kit Project
Design, supply and support a portable wood smoke “hot spot” monitor for deployment in various geographic areas in the Northeast and Midwest.
Low Sulfur Heating Oil
Support regional effort to lower the sulfur content of heating and residual oil in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic
Wood Pellet Quality Analysis
Conduct sampling of 132 wood pellets and 23 wood chip samples for elemental constituents such as metals, chlorine, sulfates and various physical properties. Analyze results to determine if existing voluntary standards are adequate to block use of waste materials that could led to significantly elevated emissions of criteria and HAP emissions.


Electric System Reliability
Summarize pending environmental regulations facing electricity generators and the potential impacts they may have on decisions to close older coal-fired power plants and on the reliability of the electric power grid.
RICE Demand Response
Investigation of demand response issues (i.e., current regulation, emissions associated with DR, possible alternative legislation, etc.) for Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines.
MARKAL Modeling
Using state and region specific databases, analyze specific multi-pollutant reductions policy options.
State Voice
Work with leading states on climate change policies.
Maryland Multi-Pollutant Analysis
Provide analyses and documentation of potential multi-pollutant benefits and trade-offs from employing air quality, climate, and energy policies to assist in developing Maryland’s climate and air quality plans.
Thermal Biomass
Evaluate technical, environmental, public health, forest health, economic, and policy issues to inform the development of the Biomass Heating Roadmap for New York State.
Residential Wood Burning Device NSPS
Facilitate national technical workgroup to develop options for strengthening the NSPS. Coordinate with EPA and industry to promote consensus positions.
Woodsmoke Conference
Organize and conduct public forum on impacts of residential wood combustion, its public health considerations, and potential control options.
Outdoor Wood-Fired Boilers
Support states and EPA in implementing OWB emission control programs.
Biomass Heating Roadmap for New York State
Research, analyze, and provide information to improve New York’s understanding of policy options for promoting use of efficient and cleaner-burning biomass combustion, including market opportunities for increased use of such technologies for heating.
Facilitate and inform state efforts to work with EPA to update and integrate enforcement and compliance programs.


Northeast Diesel Collaborative (NEDC)
Coordinate activities in seven priority areas: congestion mitigation and air quality, data and inventories, mandatory measures, construction, regional demonstration project, ports and rail, outreach and communications.
Training/Northeast States Clean Air Academy
Evaluate training needs of state air quality staff and offer high priority trainings to state employees.

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